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The See-Through Church of Borgloon

Borgloon church

Located in Borgloon and also called “Reading Between the Lines” or the “Doorkijkkerk”, this unique work of art is a must-see when visiting the province of Limburg.

Regular readers of Discovering Belgium may get the impression that the country is already teeming with churches and doesn’t need another one. After all, most of my country walks seem to start from a village church. But apparently there is always room for another church. At least that’s what Belgian architects Pieterjan Gijs and Arnout Van Vaerenbergh thought.

They constructed the “Doorkijkkerk”, or to give it its official but rather clunky English title, the “Reading Between The Lines” church. I prefer to just call it the See-through Church.

The See-Through Church of Borgloon (Doorkijkkerk or Reading Between the Lines)
Try and visit early in the morning or late in the evening

They took 100 steel sheets weighing a colossal 30 tons and stacked them on top of each other in the shape of a church. Nothing particularly unique about that. But they separated the sheets so that the landscape is always visible throughout the church, from inside and outside.

The See-Through Church of Borgloon (Doorkijkkerk or Reading Between the Lines)


You may be disappointed — or relieved — to discover that the architects didn’t hear a voice from heaven telling them that Belgium needed a new church. The sculpture is actually part of Museum Z33’s Z-OUT project. This consists of a series of art installations that encourage visitors to see the landscape of the Borgloon-Heers region of Limburg in a different light.

The See-Through Church of Borgloon (Doorkijkkerk or Reading Between the Lines)

The architect’s thinking was that everybody recognizes churches and sees them as the center of the community and landmarks in the landscape. The duo experimented with various ideas before decided on transparency by crossing the church experience with the landscape experience.

The See-Through Church of Borgloon (Doorkijkkerk or Reading Between the Lines)


  • A laser scan of a nearby church captured the building’s basic shape and proportions, from which the architects created digital and physical models.
  • The structure is based on a ratio of 1 centimeter of metal to 9 centimeters of opening to allow the landscape to show through.
  • It’s 10 meters tall into one hundred 10-centimeter-tall layers.
  • The steel sheets were made by Belgian metal fabricator Cravero from 100 unique drawings.
  • Each drawing was marked with the locations of approximately 2,000 spacers, or columns, that hold the steel layers apart.
  • After receiving 33 tons of 100 laser-cut metal sheets, groups of them were welded together so that a crane could hoist them into position (see video below).
  • The sculpture was finalized on 24th September, 2011.
  • Despite it’s openness, even if when it’s pouring down with rain outside, you won’t get wet!


The architects are keen to avoid giving the church any preconceived meanings. Nor does it make any religious statement. Instead, “the space in between the form leaves room for interpretation.”

The See-Through Church of Borgloon (Doorkijkkerk or Reading Between the Lines)
When I was there, there was a photo shoot of a male model.

What’s clever is that depending on where you are standing, the church looks solid, or seems to partially dissolve into the landscape.

The Reading Between the Lines church in Borgloon

At the same time, looking at the landscape from inside the church frames the countryside in rectangular boxes.

The See-Through Church of Borgloon (Doorkijkkerk or Reading Between the Lines)


This is the tricky bit! What’s laudable about Belgium — they like to keep their hidden treasures hidden — can also be laughable (or extremely frustrating!) when you’re trying to find them.

The See-Through Church of Borgloon (Doorkijkkerk or Reading Between the Lines)
Looking up into the tower

You won’t find large flashing signposts labeled “Doorkijkkerk: This Way.” Those that are there are so small you’ll find it easy to miss them.

The map below shows the area to head towards. The N79 is the main road in between St. Truiden and Tongeren. Borgloon is just off the picture at the top.

Doorkijkkerk Borgloon map

On the map you can see the location of the church and a small car park along the N79. You will have to cross the N79 and follow the footpath to the church. In the summer, this car park (which is basically a small pull-in) can get full. I have marked a couple of alternative parkings on back streets. Again, it’s a matter of crossing the N79 and following a lane and then a footpath until you reach the See-Through Church.


Obviously a visit to the See-Through Church of Borgloon isn’t going to take longer than an hour. So here are a couple of other places to visit to enjoy a day trip in Limburg:

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I am determined to keep the blog posts here free from intrusive advertising. I get frustrated when I’m reading an article but have to navigate multiple ads along the way. Unfortunately this means that I’m missing out on income from ads; and running a self-hosted blog costs money. If you find this blog useful and enjoy downloading and using the maps, would you consider buying me a cup of (virtual) coffee to support the blog? Many thanks. Denzil

34 thoughts on “The See-Through Church of Borgloon”

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    1. Oh that must have been lovely. I forgot to mention that the area is delightful at any time of the year because the church is in the middle of Limburg’s famous fruit orchards. Thanks for commenting Anna.

  2. What a wonderful concept! You did a fantastic job capturing the church in the different lighting and positions, Denzil. Artistic and spectacular. Again, I’d never heard of this church! Thanks for enlightening us – pun not intended.

    1. I’m tempted to delete “pun not intended” Liesbet as it’s a really good one! Yes I was lucky with the light. It was the end of a perfect autumn afternoon and the light was gorgeous.

  3. Pingback: The See-Through Church of Borgloon — Discovering Belgium – PerchSpective

  4. A mesmerizing concept, brilliantly rendered. My faith says that Torah was written with black fire on white fire, meaning that the negative spaces between the letters are just as important as the words themselves and should be studied and revered. I’m spellbound by the idea of being inside a building of slats so well constructed that I could stand under it during a downpour and not get wet. The architects may not have intended religion to be part of this experience, but it takes an act of faith to stand under a roof as much air as steel and trust that you won’t get wet. Thank you for taking me to this wondrous place.

    1. That is an interesting interpretation you have got from this place Sharon. It’s like the silence speaking more than words ever could.
      I think the church would be great to shelter from a storm – as long as lightning isn’t striking!
      Hanukkah Sameach and Happy Rosh Hashanah.

  5. Fascinating & beautiful. Thanks, Denzil for letting us know. I love the photo of how it casts shadows on the people. Wishing you & yours the best for 2020 🙂

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  7. Pingback: The Vlooyberg Tower – Discovering Belgium

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